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Gaywood 2010

Gaywood 2010 Pottery Report

Gaywood 2010 Test Pit Location Map

Six test pits were excavated in Gaywood in 2010, one in the garden the Ipswich Ware had been found in (GAY/10/4), two in adjacent gardens (GAY/10/5 and GAY/10/6), another in a garden on the opposite side of the road (GAY/10/3), and two more at some distance to the east in areas of twentieth century housing. GAY/10/4 produced eleven sherds of Ipswich Ware, including five from a cut feature in an undisturbed deposit with no later material at all. The significant conclusion which could be drawn from the excavation of the test pit was that the Ipswich Ware previously found during gardening did derive from intensive activity of middle Anglo-Saxon date on this site, and not from material recently imported from elsewhere. Test pits in the gardens immediately adjacent also produced copious quantities of Ipswich Ware, mostly from contexts with no later material, indicating that the settlement extended some way to the south of the original find-spot. Rather unexpectedly, the two more distant pits each also produced Ipswich Ware. Although these yielded only a single sherd each, they nonetheless suggested that middle Anglo-Saxon activity extended over a wide area.

All of the 2010 pits also produced Thetford Ware (850-1100 AD), although in the case of the Wootton Road pits this was in smaller quantities than for the Ipswich Ware, with only a single sherd being found in GAY/10/6. GAY/10/3, on the opposite side of Wootton Road, produced five sherds of Thetford Ware, and the hypothesis was tentatively advanced that in the later Anglo-Saxon period the focus of activity moved from the riverside to a precursor of the present road. GAY/10/3 also produced disarticulated human bone, giving support to the suggestion advanced by local residents that the leper hospital had been in this area. However, the assertion also made that the garden where this test pit was dug had been subject to much disturbance within living memory, with human bone found in the back garden re-deposited in the front garden (where the 2010 test pit was located) made it difficult to be entirely confident about this material. The spits containing the bone also produced Thetford Ware and small amounts of Grimston Ware. 

All the pits bat GAY/10/2 produced high medieval pottery (mid eleventh to mid fourteenth century date), mostly Grimston Ware, but mostly in modest quantities (2-4 sherds). Hardly any pottery of later medieval date was found. Further test pitting will be carried out in Gaywood in 2011.