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Carleton Rode 2009

Carleton Rode 2009 Pottery Report

Carleton Rode 2009 Test Pit Location Map

Another nine test pits were excavated in Carleton Rode in 2009, bringing the total to thirty-four. These included one additional pit in the village near the church, three in the Flaxlands area of the village and five in the gardens of a string of outlying farms along Rode Lane and Ash Lane, c. 1km south-west of the church and up to 3km south of Flaxlands. Today, settlement in this part of Carleton Rode parish takes the form of an attenuated interrupted row, with farms or cottages both sides of the road interspersed with paddocks and larger areas of field.

As in previous years, no pottery of Roman or early/middle Anglo-Saxon date was found in any of the excavated pits in Carleton Rode parish, suggesting that the excavated areas are unlikely to have seen intensive use during these periods. Likewise, no further pottery of high medieval date was found in the pit excavated near the church, supporting previous inferences that this area was not occupied until well after the end of the medieval period. By way of contrast, however, it was particularly interesting to note that two of the pits in the Rode Lane/Ash Lane area (CRO/09/04 and CRO/09/06 produced pottery of late Anglo-Saxon date, suggesting that this part of the present settlement pattern is likely to have been in existence before the Norman Conquest. Four of the five pits in this area (CRO/09/03-CRO/09/06 inclusive) also produced pottery of twelfth to fourteenth century date, suggesting settlement here was sustained after the Conquest and increased in intensity in the high medieval period. CRO/09/04 and CRO/09/05 in particular produced in excess of five sherds from undisturbed medieval levels, highly likely to indicate settlement in the immediate vicinity. Only one of these pits produced pottery dating to the post fourteenth century medieval period, however, and this was limited to a single 6g sherd of late medieval transitional ware. It seems from this that the marked post-fourteenth century contraction in settlement, noted in the Flaxlands area from test pit excavations in 2007 and 2008, was replicated in the Rode Lane/Ash Lane settlements which appear to have been almost completely deserted. Revival here is clearly apparent in the post-medieval period, however, with all pits in this area producing glazed red earthenwares and other wares dating to the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.