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Great Amwell 2014

Great Amwell 2014 Test Pit Location Map

Great Amwell 2014 Test Pit Pottery Report


Twelve test pits were excavated in 2014 to add to the 11 that were excavated in Great Amwell in 2013 and were dug by 48 Year 9 and Year 12 students from The John Warner School, Presdales School, The Loreto College and Samuel Ryder Academy. The 2014 test pits were sited through the core of the village, in-between the 2013 sites as well as for the first time, far to the south and on the other side of the A1170.

Two test pits in 2014 yielded evidence for Late Iron Age activity (GAM/14/7 and GAM/14/8) and close to where pottery of the same date was recorded in 2013. This suggests to potentially a wider area of Late Iron Age activity on the northern and eastern slopes of the hill here and looking towards to the River Lee/Lea to the north and east. A single sherd of Romano-British pottery was also found at the same site (GAM/14/7) to hint at the presence of Roman activity in the area, but the steepness of the hill may mean that Romano-British occupation was focused elsewhere along the river valley. Three test pits then yielded high medieval pottery, which with the one site that was recorded in 2013, the medieval settlement was likely on the northern slopes of the hill here, to perhaps be closer to the river. There was evidence that the settlement contracted and shifted during the 14th century, due to the various socio-economic upheavals of that time, including the Black Death. Occupation became more widespread through the post medieval, although the village remained small, but had formed its current layout by the 19th century, although a lot of the housing in Great Amwell is 20th century and later.