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Manuden 2014

Manuden 2014 Test Pit Location Map

Manuden 2014 Pottery Report


In July 2014 10 archaeological test pits were excavated in Manuden by 34 Year 9 and 10 students from Mountfitchet College, Burnt Mill Academy, Davenant Foundation School and The Bishops Stortford High School. The 10 test pits were a follow up to the 2011 and 2013 excavations in Manuden and brought the total excavated in the village to 27. The 2014 test pits were mainly sited through the core of the village with only a few additional 'close' outlying sites.

Additional Late Anglo Saxon pottery was excavated from two test pits around the church (MAN/14/5 and MAN/14/6) and supports what was found in previous years that the original village core was centered around the church, much like today. The village expanded during the high medieval, with a further four test pits yielding high medieval pottery, although the majority of the activity was identified from the core of the settlement and less in the outlying sites. There was some degree of shift and probable abandonment of some parts of the settlement during the various socio-economic upheavals of the 14th century (including the Black Death), but the village was perhaps not as badly hit as other communities in Essex. During the post medieval the village expanded again, including occupation in a lot of outlying sites that had previously not been seen before, but remained a small rural village until a lot of infill development during the 20th century and later.