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Ufford 2006

Ufford 2006 Pottery Report

Ufford 2006 Test Pit Location Map

Nine test pits were excavated in Ufford in 2006, continuing investigations started in 2005 and bringing the total over two years to 23. Particular attention was directed in 2006 to the centre of the present village, which test pitting in 2005 indicated might be largely unoccupied prior to the eighteenth century, and its northern end where late Anglo-Saxon pottery was rather unexpectedly discovered in 2005. As in 2005, no test pits in the centre of the village, either side of Ufford Hall, produced any finds pre-dating c. 1700: with 10 test pits now excavated in this part of the settlement all showing this same pattern, it is reasonable to surmise that it is very unlikely that this part of the settlement was in existence during the medieval period, and that the planned linear nucleated village we can see today is an artefact of relatively recent development. The discovery, as in 2005, of Roman and late Anglo-Saxon material in the area south-east of the church, and in the garden of Ufford Farm at the far northern end of the village adds weight to the suggestion that settlement at Ufford may have comprised two separate nodes during both the Roman period and the later Anglo-Saxon/early Norman period. A paucity of pottery dating to between 1100 - 1450AD, when pottery was widely used and taphonomically durable, from the Ufford Farm area, may be significant and might be interpreted as evidence of very much less intensive use, possibly even abandonment, of this area in the high medieval period. This contrasts with the area around the church, which seems to experience consolidation, even expansion, in this period. A solidly constructed wall revealed in test pit UFF06/1 at Ufford Farm, built of local stone with at least two courses and one right-angled turn surviving appears to predate the present farm buildings, was provisionally interpreted as the remains of either a building or a boundary wall of late Anglo-Saxon or late medieval date.