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Longstanton 2017 Test Pit Location Map

Longstanton 2017 Test Pit Pottery Report

Access Cambridge Archaeology with the Cambridge Archaeological Unit (CAU) as part of the University of Cambridge ran a weekend of archaeological test pitting in the village of Longstanton on the 9th and 10th September 2017 in conjunction with the Longstanton and District Heritage Society (LDHS). The test pitting tied in with more recent archaeological work at Northstowe on Phase 2, where the excavation continues to uncover more about the large Roman settlement that has been identified on the old Oakington Airfield. The 2017 excavations also followed on from a similar test pitting weekend back in October 2015 that coincided with the end of the Phase 1 archaeology at Northstowe that was focused on the golf course. 

In September 2017 a total of 11 1m square archaeological test pits were excavated over a weekend and were spread through the length of the village from Thatchers Wood in the south to Striplands Farm in the far north and brought the total number of pits excavated in Longstanton to 16. The results suggest that there seems to be a definite cluster of Roman activity in the north of Longstanton as pottery was only found from the test pits located to the north of Hatton Primary School and so we may be seeing a spread of the Romano-British settlement that has been excavated at Northstowe phase 1. A number of sherds of Early Anglo Saxon pottery were also recorded from this area that suggests a continuation of activity in this area from the 5th century AD, but with also a second area of activity beginning to develop further south, around All Saints church. During the Late Anglo Saxon there still seems to be two separate areas of occupation in Longstanton, with a cluster of activity just south of the old golf course and to a lesser extent continuing around the church. These two nodes of activity start to join during the medieval period with evidence for activity appearing for the first time in the centre of the village, but the numerous social and economic factors of the 14th century, including the Black Death seem to have impacted on Longstanton with only one test pit in the far north of the village to show continuation through the later medieval (LON/17/9). The village recovered however with an expanse of activity into the post medieval that continued to spread along the length of the village.