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Houghton and Wyton 2005

Houghton and Wyton 2005 Pottery Report

Houghton and Wyton 2005 Test Pit Location Map

Nine test pits were excavated by HEFA students in 2005, with a further two dug by children attending the primary school in the village, using the HEFA instructions and recording system to investigate sites (HAW/05/P and 05/A) within their school grounds, located west of the church in Houghton. Most attention in 2005 focused on Houghton, with further work mostly in Wyton planned for 2006. Alone of the four sites investigated by HEFA in 2005, Houghton and Wyton produced evidence for prehistoric activity in the form of struck flint, close to the river flood plain. Two of the test pits (05/4 and 05/P), also both fairly close to the edge of the flood plain, also produced Roman pottery. Late Anglo-Saxon activity in the form of Thetford Ware was found in HAW/05/5 and 05/P, and also recovered by HEFA from 05/R, a c.1m x 1.2m hole which was rather fortuitously being dug by a local authority employee in the centre of the road leading north from the church in Houghton, while the HEFA investigations were taking place. Post-Conquest medieval pottery in the form of shelly and sandy wares, were found in the majority of the 2005 test pits (05/2, 05/3, 05/4, 05/5, 05/7, 05/8, 05/P and 05/A), although the single abraded sherd from TP 05/3 seems likely indicate agricultural use of this north-eastern part of the present settlement rather than occupation, a suggestion apparently reinforced by the absence of medieval material from TP 05/1 or 05/9. In contrast to the large quantity of high medieval material is the paucity of late medieval and early post-medieval pottery, which may hint at contraction in this period, although such a suggestion must remain very tentative, based as it is on negative evidence from a relatively small number of test pits.