The town of Sudbury is situated on the Suffolk side of the Suffolk – Essex border, 23km due south of Bury St Edmunds, 20km northwest of Colchester and 22km northeast of Braintree. The town sits within a loop on the eastern bank of the River Stour along the main A134/A131 road, connecting Bury St Edmunds and Braintree. The village of Ballingdon, on the western bank of the River Stour was once a separate parish in Essex, but it is now incorporated into the larger parish of Sudbury as a suburb. The town is centred on TL 87395 41337.
According to the Historic Environment Record (HER SUY 040) and the Local Plan, the town originated in the Anglo-Saxon period, sited east of the diverted river that also formed the western boundary of the town, surrounded on the north, east and south by a large ditch and rampart, now followed by the distinctive curved street plan. Confined on the west side by the river, the town has expanded east and is now centred around both Market Hill and North Street, where the five main roads leading into Sudbury converge. These are the A134 from the Long Melford and the north, the A131 through Ballingdon and over the River Stour to the southwest, the B1508 through Great Cornard to the south, the A134 east and south through Newton to Colchester and the B1115 northeast to Great Waldingfield.
Sudbury today is a busy town with amenities for all ages, including a variety of shops and businesses, pubs, restaurants, cafes, schools, garages, a theatre, library, leisure centre, a museum with markets, many outdoor parks and meadows and various community groups.
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