Eleven test pits were excavated in the southern half of Long Melford by 39 Years 9, 10 and 12 students from Ormiston Sudbury Academy, Hedingham School, Thomas Gainsborough School and Samuel Ward Academy. The test pitting was part of the Higher Education Field Academy (HEFA) programme undertaken by Access Cambridge Archaeology (ACA) in East Anglia, which aims to raise the aspirations, enthusiasm and attainment of 14-17 year-olds with regard to higher education by making a valuable contribution to current academic research at the University of Cambridge, and in the process contribute to the university's Currently Occupied Rural Settlements (CORS) research into the development of rural communities and settlements in the past.
The 2015 excavations followed on from those undertaken in Long Melford in 2011, 2013 and 2014, bringing the total number of test pits so far excavated in the village to 68. The 2015 excavations yielded a large amount of Roman pottery building on what is already known about the Roman town in the village and the Roman pottery that has been identified from previous test pitting in the village. No Late Saxon pottery was recorded from the 2015 test pitting and only two 2015 test pits yielded medieval pottery that continues to suggest that the Late Saxon and medieval occupation of Long Melford was spread out along a lot of the length of the village, with almost two separate areas of settlement; one in the north around the church and then in the south. Many more test pits produced later medieval pottery and continues to suggest that the village was not greatly affected by the Black Death during the 14th century and that the two separate foci began to become one settlement. This was further demonstrated with a range of post medieval and later pottery wares recovered from all the test pits that show that the village continued to develop and grow to the settlement that is seen today.