The excavation of five test pits in Little Waldingfield was funded in 2013 as part of the Managing a Masterpiece HLF programme for local middle school pupils to take part in. The small number of excavated test pits (and the shallow depth to which most were excavated) limits the inferences which can be made about the settlement and development of the village, although a few points of interest can nonetheless be noted. Limited prehistoric activity was identified from the test pits, all in the form of un-retouched flakes, which appear to date to the later Neolithic to the later Bronze Age, suggesting one or more episodes of activity of some sort in the area in the prehistoric period. No material of Roman or early Anglo-Saxon date was recovered, but two produced Thetford Ware. Neither yielded more than a single sherd, which may indicate low-intensity use such as arable, perhaps associated with rather than settlement in the vicinity.
Four pits produced pottery of high medieval date, although pits LWA/13/04 and LWA/13/05 both only produced two sherds, and are relatively unlikely to indicate settlement in the immediate vicinity. The pottery data do clearly suggest that settlement was present in the vicinity of test pit two, and tentatively indicates that it might have extended further around the T-junction in the centre of the village and close to the church.