A total of nine archaeological test pits were excavated in June 2016 in Bardney, as a follow up to the 2015 excavations and bringing the total number of test pits dug in the village to 19. Thirty-four Year 9 and Year 10 students from Charles Read Academy, King Edward VI School, The West Grantham Academy, Ormiston Maritime Academy, The Peel Community College and The Priory Academy in Lincoln all took part in the excavations.
The 2016 test pits were sited in-between the 2015 test pits in the core of the village but were also focused to the east and north of the village. A single sherd of Roman pottery was the first to be excavated from all 19 test pits and was found to the far north of the village (BAR/16/8). This evidence for Romano-British activity may have been as open fields or rural farmsteads just outside the Roman town of Lincoln. The first evidence for Late Anglo Saxon activity was also recorded during 2016 from two locations in the east and north of central Bardney (BAR/16/4 and BAR/16/8) for which high medieval activity also continued on site and shows that the settlement from the 11th century was slighltly larger that that recorded in 2015 and potentially dispersed in nature with the recovery of medieval activity identified separately to the north from the core of the village. There was once again a shift in settlement evident from the 14th century with a contraction around the village core, although isolated late medieval activity was also recorded just south of the abbey (BAR/16/9). Bardney expanded once again through the post medieval but it is from the 19th century onwards that the settlement began to take the shape of the village we see today.