A total of 10 archaeological test pits were excavated in Bardney in October 2015 and were mainly sited in the core of the village with a couple of outlying sites along Station Road in the west and Abbey Road in the north. 2015 was the first year of test pitting in Bardney and the excavations were undertaken by 40 Year 9 students from William Farr School, Caistor Yarborough Academy, Melior Community Academy, Peele Community Academy, Boston High School, South Axholme Academy, Branston Community Academy, Giles Academy, Lincoln Castle Academy, Kesteven and Grantham Girls School, St Hughs School Grantham, South Axholme Academy and The Priory Academy in Lincoln.
No pre-11th century activity was identified through the test pitting in Bardney, but eight test pits yielded evidence for high medieval activity that was mainly focused around the church but also extended east and westwards. There was some evidence for a shift in the settlement during the 14th century but the pottery recorded from the test pits suggest that occupation in the village was quite constant despite the socio-economic upheavals of the later medieval (including the Black Death). The village probably remains small through the post medieval but begins to expand and was a large enough settlement by the 19th century to warrent a station when the new railway came through the north of the village.