Fourteen test pits were dug by HEFA pupils in Ufford in September 2005. Roman pottery, abraded and clearly derived from ploughsoil, were discovered in the upper levels of TPs 05/12 and 05/13 in the south of the village near to the earlier find-spot of Roman material, confirming occupation at this date in this most elevated part of the settlement. Evidence for activity in the late Anglo-Saxon period came from opposite ends of the village, including a couple of sherds of Stamford ware from TP 05/7, in the garden of Ufford Farm at the far northern extremity of the present settlement. Although these came from relatively high levels which also produced pottery of Victorian and later date, their presence is nonetheless potentially significant, and this area will be investigated further in the future. Particularly notable also was the absence of any evidence for occupation in the area east of Ufford Hall which appeared on superficial examination likely to be one of shrinkage, as it contained earthworks comprising platforms and hollows suggesting of former house sites divided by low linear features reminiscent of toft boundaries, in a block between two areas of current occupation. However, TPs 05/14, 05/6 and 05/15 all revealed the same pattern, with an almost total absence of cultural material (except for slag) above natural. In fact, none of the test pits between 05/3 and 05/7 produced any evidence for activity predating the later post-medieval. Initial inferences must include the possibility that Ufford in the late Anglo-Saxon, and possibly right through the Middle Ages, was arranged as two separate small foci of settlement, rather existing as the planned linear village which is evident today.