Stapleford lies c. 10km south of Cambridge and c. 26km south-west of Newmarket between 10-20m OD on the north side of the River Granta c. 1km east of the point where this joins the River Cam west of Little Shelford. The settlement of Stapleford today appears to be a clustered nucleated village with little regular plan, lying mostly south and east of the medieval parish church. Recent development has left it entirely contiguous with the neighbouring village of Great Shelford, also previously investigated by HEFA test pit excavation. The first edition 6-inch to 1 mile Ordnance Survey map shows Stapleford to be a discrete settlement arranged as an interrupted row along winding lanes east and west of the church, with a slightly more continuous ribbon of housing arranged along lanes which loop south of the church and run along the main valley bottom road (now the A1301) linking Great Shelford and Sawston. The settlement includes several farms, Vine Farm, Stapleford Hall, Greenhedge Farm and Manor Farm as well as a rectilinear moated site, and overall has a distinctly dispersed character.
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