Ten archaeological test pits were excavated in July 2016 as the third year of excavations in Rampton, bringing the total so far excavated in the village to 32. The test pits in 2016 were excavated by 43 Year 9 students from Bottisham Village College, Cottenham Village College, Soham Village College and Ely College and were mainly sited in the central and eastern half of the village, fitting around the already excavated sites.
An addtional four test pits in 2016 yeilded evidence for on-site Romano-British activity which now may suggest that all the activity identified from the test pitting may be connected as the pottery appears in a line down the centre of the village and roughtly following the line of Cow Lane, with additional activty also to either side. A single test pit yielded Late Anglo Saxon pottery (RMP/16/9), but was not on King Street, as had been recorded in 2014 and 2015 but to the rear of a property on the north side of the green. This is the first evidence from the test pitting of Late Anglo Saxon activity close to the church, which also continued through the high medieval from the test pits excavated in the east; activity in the village at this time was more extensive than previously recorded through the test pitting. There is still evidence for contraction and settlement shift during the 14th century, the main note from the test pitting is the movement away from activity on the green to the area surrounding instead. Post medieval expansion has been noted, although this was focused away from Church End, which subsequently was only occupied again from the 20th century and later.