In April 2014, the first year of test pitting was undertaken in the village of Rampton, when 10 archaeological test pits were excavated by 39 Year 9 and Year 10 students from Cottenham Village College, Ely College, Soham Village College and Witchford Village College. The test pits were sited centrally in the village with a couple also dug in the north along Cow Lane.
The only Romano-British activity from Rampton was recorded from Cow Lane (RMP/14/10) and the number of sherds excavated suggest that there was likely occupation on site at that time. A single sherd of Late Anglo Saxon pottery was recorded from the south of the village (RMP/14/4), but only hints of activity in the area at that time. Five test pits to the west of the village green yeilded high medieval pottery and hints that the original layout of the village may date from this time, with the green at its core, although away from the church in the east. During the 14th century there was a definite shrink in the settlement as well as a shift in the settlement further to the south and east that probably reflect the variety of socio-economic changes that took place at this time (including the Black Death). The settlement recovered during the post medieval, which remained focused around the green as well as the main roads through the village, namely the High Street and King Street, although for the first time we see an expansion of activity north onto Cow Lane. The village remained small at this time and the extent of what can be seen in Rampton today is mostly 20th century and later building.