The 2015 test pitting in Longstanton was undertaken as part of the then ongoing Phase 1 Northstowe excavations that also finished in the autumn of this year and enabled local residents and volunteers to see how the archaeology of Longstanton fits into the bigger picture of what is being recovered at Northstowe. Five test pits were excavated over a weekend in October and were sited through the length of the village from Hatton Farm in the north to St Michaels Mount in the south.
A single sherd of Late Bronze Age pottery was excavated from opposite the church (LON/15/5), whereas three test pits containing Romano-British pottery were all found from the north end of the village and close to the Romano-British rural settlement that was identified during Northstowe Phase 1 and is likely a continuation of that activity. This Romano-British settlement at Northstowe was seen to continue into the Early/Middle Anglo Saxon period, with a shift to the south and this was also reflected in the Longstanton test pits. LON/15/1 in the far north and LON/15/5 by the church both contained Early/Middle Anglo Saxon pottery that also suggests the settlememt continued to expand to the west; the same test pits also producing Late Anglo Saxon pottery as potentially the precursor to the modern village of Longstanton. Medieval pottery was only found from by the manor potentially mentioned in the Domesday Book as well as close to the church, with no other evidence so far found. The socio-economic factors of the 14th century certainly had an effect on Longstanton (including the Black Death), as no test pits yielded any late medieval pottery. Growth during the post medieval continued to be slow, but was spread along the length of current village, the structure of which began to take shape by the 19th century, although most of what can be seen today is 20th century and later.